MONGOLIAUnder the sun, we are searching each other
Even the birds that migrate, always come back
Is where want to be...
Geography of Mongolia
Mongolia covers 1, 566, 500 square kilometers making it the 19th largest country in the world with average height of 1,580 meters above sea level. The land is covered in mountains, desert and steppe.
Mongolia suite at average altitude of 1500m above sea level seprated from the oceans, surrounded by high mountain chains are blocking the wet winds. The highest point in the country, Mount Khuiten is 4374 meters above sea level in the most western part of the country. The lowest point, Khukh lake is 560 meters above sea level and is found in the eastern part of the country. Vast steppe areas dominate the southern and eastern parts of the country, mountain areas dominate the northern and western parts.
There are 3500 fresh waters and salt lakes, 3811 rivers, and streams and 187 glaciers in Mongolia. Majority of them are located in the central, western and northern parts of the country.
Mongolia is located in the Northern Hemisphere tempreture zone. Mongolia is a land of temprature extremes. The coldest month of the year is January. The average tempreture in January is -32 te The average winter temperature is -20°C. It sometimes drops to -52°C in the northern part of Khuvsgul province. The hottest month of the year is July. On the greater part of Mongolian territory, the daily maximum temperature rises to +20°C, but the southern part of the country it can be as high as 25°-30°C.
Through the annual precipitation is 200-250 millimeters and in the northern parts of the country 300-400 millimeters. There are 250 sunny days a year although the duration of the cold winter is 187 days a year in Mongolia. Mongolia is the land of winds. It is usually 1,5-4,5 meter second. Especially sharp winds blow in spring.
The population of Mongolia is about 3 177 899 (2017) out of which 32 % are nomadic herdsmen. The average population density is 1,8 per square kilometers, making the country one of the scarcest populated nation in the world.