SOUTHERN MONGOLIAUnder the sun, we are searching each other
Even the birds that migrate, always come back
Is where want to be...
The Mongolian government established the Great Gobi National Park and the UNESCO designated as the Great Gobi as the fourth largest Biosphere Reserve in the world. Gobi Desert was a land of dinosaurs and it is the home for camel breeders rich with wildlife and vegetation. Dinosaur skeletons and their petrified eggs have been preserved here to the present day. This is one most beautiful place among the landscapes of Mongolia where travelers can see pre-historical rock paintings, caves where monks have made meditations and ruins of ancient temples and villages and possibly to camp under thousand of stars.
The canyon is bearded vulture canyon, a deep narrow gorge with ice until in August is located in Three Beauties of Gobi Mountain National park in South Gobi. A spring two or three kilometers long winds its way through the defile and in July, freezing into a thick corridor of ice that stretches along a considerable distance. Following the canyon to the high rock walls has breathtaking dramatic scenery. This is one of best place for hiking and bird watching.
Khongor Sand Dunes
This is one of largest sand dunes in Mongolia, reaching a height of 800 meter in some highest areas. The sand dunes in Sevrei village, South Gobi province, are called Khongoryn Els. These dunes are 20 km wide and 100 km long. The Khongoryn River flows along the sand dunes and gives birth to oases. The sand dune change the color with each hour of one day, from yellow to silver to rise colored at dawn / sundown. This dune is considered one of the biggest dunes with it is length of 180 km and width of 3-5 km. The dunes make sound like plane engine in a windy day so it has been named as “Singing Dunes”.
One of the famous places is Bayanzag, bottom of Ancient Sea which excited 60-70 million years ago, where a lot of Paleontological findings have been discovered. The first dinosaur eggs were found from here in the world. The place is known as Flaming Cliffs so named by Roy Andrew Chapman, American explorer, who had visited Mongolia in 1920. During the 2 years, he searched through the Mongolian Gobi Desert and he found many hundreds of dinosaur fossils from Bayanzag, Nemekht that some of kinds of them was not identified yet. He brought his paleontological findings on 70 camels. Chapman presented Mongolia one large skeleton on show in the Ulaanbaatar Natural History Museum. He found 10 kinds of dinosaurs 8 were found from Mongolia.
Baga Gazaryn Chuluu Mountain
The 1751-meter high beautiful granite mountains in Middle Gobi province, is another place with unique scenery that many tourists compare with lunar scenes. The mountain contains remains of old temples. In the 19th century, two respected lamas lived here, and we still can see their inscriptions in the rock. According to the legend, Chinggis Khaan was supposed to have lived in this wonderful area where it’s pleasant to walk.
About 30 meters tall limestone rocks can be mistaken for the ruins of an old city from afar. This eerie, eroded landscape was at one time beneath the inland sea and is rich in marine fossils and clamshells. This area offers numerous interesting spots for hikers including dramatic oasis, spectacular rock formations, Gobi flora and fauna. This area was totally covered by the sea a few million years ago.
It is a ruin of big monastery of Bari Yonzon Khamba on the bank of the Ongi River, was built in the late 18th century for dedicating the first visit to Mongolia by a Dalai Lama. The monastery was reopened in 1990 and current Dalai Lama visited in 1992. This monastery had 28 temples and other buildings on the south slope of the Rocky Mountain and stupas haven't broken. Which itself was badly destroyed during the Stalinist purges in 1930s. This area is known as one of the world energy gathering point among locals where 1000 lamas used to meditate and to study buddha’s teaching. From the top of mountain, the view of this area is quite scenic during the sunset.